Retirement Care Planning: The Middle-Income Boomer Perspective

Baby Boomers retiring today expect to experience retirement differently than previous generations of retirees. Increasingly, the responsibility for retirement security is falling on the shoulders of retirees themselves, rather than relying on pensions and other assistance. Many Baby Boomers can’t afford to retire, yet about 10,000 Baby Boomers turn 65 each day.1

In addition to being financially prepared for retirement, another one of the top concerns for Baby Boomers retiring is planning for health care costs in retirement. According to Time magazine, the average American couple retiring today at age 65 will need $280,000 to cover health care and medical costs in retirement.2 Many are unprepared to face the health care costs for Baby Boomers, with no plan and not enough savings.

With the release of this study, Bankers Life and Casualty Company Center for a Secure Retirement shares Baby Boomers retiring statistics and explores the issues central to retirement care, an important and often overlooked component of planning for retirement.

1Forbes, Social Security Feels Pinch As Baby Boomers Clock Out For Good, https://www.forbes.com/sites/greatspeculations/2018/06/21/social-security-feels-pinch-as-baby-boomers-clock-out-for-good/#1b38de384995, June 21, 2018.

2Time, Here’s How Much the Average Couple Will Spend on Health Care Costs in Retirement, http://time.com/money/5246882/heres-how-much-the-average-couple-will-spend-on-health-care-costs-in-retirement/, April 19, 2018.

Key Findings

Middle-income Baby Boomers retiring expect their retirement to be defined by greater mental stimulation (63%), more physical activity (44%) and more personal satisfaction (41%), but less retiree health insurance from former employers (60%), less financial security (47%) and less care provided by family members (47%) than the retirement of previous generations.

A majority (51%) of middle-income Boomers do not believe their retirement care will be the same as it was for previous generations. One in three (33%) are unsure, and only one-seventh (16%) believe it will be the same.

Baby Boomers retiring characterize retirement care of the past as including reliance on family members for care (77%), nursing homes (73%) and moving in with their children (71%).

Boomers envision retirement care of the future to include the use of remote monitoring technology (78%), independent living communities (78%), high-priced care (76%), outpatient care (74%) and long-term care insurance (72%).

When it comes to what baby boomers want in retirement, nearly eight times as many Boomers (84%) prefer to receive care at home as those preferring a nursing home facility (11%) or care at the home of one of their children (11%).

For personal caregiving requirements, such as assistance with bathing and dressing, Boomers are more likely to rely on help from a home health aide rather than children.

Nearly three-fourths (72%) of middle-income Boomers have no plan for their retirement care. Only one in five (20%) have a rough plan for how they will receive the care they may need in retirement; just 8% have a detailed plan.

Roughly half of all middle-income Boomers have not had a discussion with anyone about how they wish to receive long-term care (43%) or how they will pay for it (56%).

Ready for one of our most startling baby boomer retirement facts? Middle-income Boomers significantly underestimate the likelihood of one day needing long-term care. Only one-third (36%) believe they will need long-term care services, whereas the actual chance of needing care is 70%, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Many Baby Boomers retiring may face financial challenges in healthcare. Eight in ten middle-income Boomers could not venture a guess on the average cost for home health aide services (81%) or nursing home care (78%).

Boomers significantly underestimate the annual cost of nursing home care by estimating that a year’s stay averages $46,890 when the actual average cost is nearly double at $90,520.

One of the financial challenges of healthcare reform is that more than three-quarters (78%) of middle-income Boomers either incorrectly think Medicare will pay for ongoing long-term care or simply do not know how they will fund their care.

Nine in ten (88%) middle-income Baby Boomers retiring do not own long-term care insurance as a means to help pay for their retirement care, with one-third (34%) being unfamiliar with it altogether.

Two-fifths (40%) of middle-income Boomers have been a caregiver to a parent or spouse.
Nine in ten (88%) middle-income Boomer caregivers find caregiving harder than they expected, requiring more emotional strength (57%), patience (55%) and time (52%) than expected.

Boomer caregivers are more likely than Boomer non-caregivers to:

  • Consider professional retirement care advice (71% vs. 60%)
  • Believe they may need long-term care in the future (45% vs. 30%)
  • Have a retirement care plan (33% vs. 25%)
  • Consider purchasing long-term care insurance (24% vs. 15%)

Boomer caregivers rank the following activities as important when planning for retirement care: start planning early (95%), do more planning (94%), research care options in advance (93%), talk to your family about your care plans (92%) and get professional advice (84%).

Baby boomers retiring who create a detailed retirement care plan are five times more likely to worry less about their future (49%) than worry more about it (9%).